Bukit Timah Nature Reserve
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Admission
   
Free.
   
Open
   
Daily 6.00 am to 7.00 pm. Night walking within the nature reserves is not encouraged.

The Bukit Timah Nature Reserve Visitor Centre opens from 8.30 am to 6.00 pm daily.

   
Transportation
   
Buses 67, 75, 170, 171, 173, 184, 852 and 961, alight along Upper Bukit Timah Road, opposite Bukit Timah Shopping Centre, or along Jalan Anak Bukit, opposite Courts furniture store, and walk to the end of Hindhede Drive.

By car from the city, follow the direction of Upper Bukit Timah Road towards Woodlands, make a u-turn just after the Courts furniture store and turn left into Hindhede Drive. Limited parking is available at the foothill of the reserve, 5.30 am to 7.30 pm.

   
Information
   
Bukit Timah Nature Reserve
At the end of Hindhede Drive.
Website: www.nparks.gov.sg
Bukit Timah Nature Reserve (武吉知马自然保护区) has a size of 164 hectares. It is Singapore's highest hill and retains one of the largest tracts of primary rainforest left in Singapore. Step into the nature reserves and journey back in time to the days before Sir Stamford Raffles arrived, when much of the island was covered with lowland, tropical forest. There are 912 flowering species recorded and 98 species of mammals reptiles and amphibians.

In 1840s, Bukit Timah is protected for climatic reasons. In 1843, the road to the Bukit Timah summit is completed. During the 1850s, a government bungalow was built at the summit and subsequently replaced by the police telecommunication tower. In 1882, Nathaniel Cantley, then Superintendent of the Singapore Botanic Gardens, was commissioned by the Government of the Straits Settlements to prepare a report on the forests of the settlements. On Cantley's recommendation, several forest reserves were created on the island over the next few years. Bukit Timah was one of the forest reserves established in 1883.

All reserves were worked for timber except Bukit Timah. In 1937, economic pressure for land development causes Forest Reserves to be de-gazetted. Only Bukit Timah, Pandan and Kranji are retained to protect the flora and fauna. Following World War II, in 1945, quarrying for granite from the side of Bukit Timah hill commences in 5 areas. In 1951, the Nature Reserves Ordinance is enacted. The three Forest Reserves become the Nature Reserves. The six-lane Bukit Timah Expressway (BKE) is built in 1986, separating the Bukit Timah Nature Reserve from Central Catchment forest. The Nature Reserves Visitor Centre at Bukit Timah is officially opened in 1991. In 1996, the Nature Reserve is increased to 164 hectares with the addition gazettment of 43.8 hectares around the Reserve.

The forest has been a botanical collecting ground for more than a century, with the first known specimens of many species of Malayan plants obtained from it. Dr David Bellamy, a renowned conservationist, once pointed out that the number of plant species growing in the Bukit Timah Nature Reserve is more than that in the whole of North America.

Bukit Timah Nature Reserve Walking Trails are available there, you may pick up a map from the information counter.

 

Dec 2009.