18 people are killed during the Maria Hertogh riots began on 11 December 1950 after a court decided that a child who had been raised by Muslims should be returned to her biological Catholic parents. A protest by outraged Muslims escalated into a riot when images were published showing 13-year-old Maria Hertogh (or Bertha Hertogh) kneeling before a statue of the Virgin Mary.



The Straits Chinese British Association was founded on 17 August 1900 with Tan Jiak Kim as its first president. It was the forerunner to the Peranakan Association in Singapore. On 11 December 1964, the association was renamed the Singapore Chinese Peranakan Association following the formation of the Malayan Federation. Finally becoming The Peranakan Association, Singapore on 23 February 1966.




The Robinson’s Department Store building at┬áRaffles Place (pictured) was destroyed by a fire that broke out at around 9.55 am on 21 November 1972. The fire, which was one of the worst in Singapore’s history, also caused damage to the roof of the Overseas Union Bank┬ánext door1 and forced the Stock Exchange in Clifford House at Collyer Quay to stop trading for the day.2 Nine people, eight of whom were trapped in the store’s lifts, were killed in the blaze. On 11 December 1972, a new Robinson’s Department Store was opened at Specialists’ Centre along Orchard Road.


On 11 December 2001, SMRT merged with TIBS Holdings.