In December 1955, Marshall led a delegation to London to pave the way for an all-party constitutional conference. The Singapore mission was well-received and talks proceeded smoothly. Setting 23 April 1956 as the date for the constitutional conference, Marshall returned jubilant, declaring that Singapore would obtain dominion status by April 1957. It signalled the beginning of his expanded ambitions to achieve something more than the removal of colony status for Singapore to something more than self government and something less than full independence. On 14 April 1956, a delegation of 13 members left for London. Talks got off to an ominous beginning, with the British clearly reiterating their stand that the Singapore government must be prepared to accept joint control over to internal security while Marshall pressed strongly for self-government. This became the key point of contention and was the core factor that resulted in the breakdown of the talks. A stalemate developed and cracks developed within the Singapore delegation. Some members felt that Marshall was an inadequate negotiator and could have settled for a compromise. He received the backing of only two others Lee Kuan Yew and Lim Chin Siong. A communiqué was issued on 15 May 1956 to announce the breakdown of the talks. Marshall was greatly despaired and compared the Britishs offer of self-government with the preservation of British imperial power as a Christmas pudding with arsenic sauce. In a last-ditch effort, Marshall attempted to restart the talks but incurred the wrath of his delegation members who felt that it was a humiliation to do so. On his return to Singapore, Marshall worked behind the scenes for the possibility of restarting talks with the new Singapore government. But he was met with rejection, and officially stepped down as the Chief Minister on 7 June 1956. Lim Yew Hock was asked to helm the next government, apart from Marshall, other members of the previous Cabinet remained onboard. In the March of 1957, he led a delegation to London which accepted a constitution that was nearly similar to the one that Marshall rejected. On 28 November 1958, the Singapore (Constitution) Order in Council for the creation of self-governing state finally came into being.




Goh Chok Tong becomes the second Prime Minister of Singapore on 28 November 1990 to 11 August 2004 when he took over the office from Lee Kuan Yew who resigned after having been Prime Minster since 1959.



Singapore’s first full-length English language film, Medium Rare, premiered in local theatres on 28 November 1991. The 100-minute movie was filmed locally and produced by veteran beauty pageant organiser, Errol Pang, executive producer of Derrol Stepenny Productions. The film was sent to Adelaide in Australia for post-production. It cost $1.7 million to produce, of which $1.2 million was personally funded by Pang.