From 1959 up till the early 1960s, Singapore's then Ministry of Culture - now known as the Ministry of Information, Communications and the Arts - organised a series of free, open-air cultural concerts with a strong multi-racial theme. Known as Aneka Ragam Ra'ayat, meaning "People's Variety Show", these concerts were held at various locations across Singapore. The objective of these government-sponsored shows was to help develop a sense of unity among the people by promoting better understanding among the different ethnic groups. On 25 October 1959 an Aneka Ragam Ra'ayat was held at an offshore island for the first time, at Pulau Bukom Kechil.

 


 

 

On 25 October 1971, the Singapore Government first set up the Singapore Civil Service Sports Council (SCSSC), mainly to handle inter-territorial games between the Civil Servants of Singapore and Malaysia. Over the years, the SCSSC has evolved to the better known, Civil Service Club (CSC) today, and have transited across various locations, from Dempsey, to Mount Pleasant, Portsdown and eventually the iconic location at Tessensohn. The Club has also expanded from a single location at Tessensohn, to include two more Clubhouses at Changi and the newest location at Bukit Batok.

 


 

When British forces withdrew from Singapore on 25 October 1971, St George's Church was transferred to the Anglican Diocese of Singapore, thus becoming a civilian church. In 1973, it became a parish church in its own right. Bruce Winter served as its first full-time clergyman until 1978 when he was replaced by Bob Robinson.

 


 

Pulau Merlimau was one of the southern islands off the coast of Jurong. It was subsumed with other nearby islands as part of Jurong Island. It used to house the Singapore Refining Company (SRC) refinery. The SRC was a joint venture of British Petroleum, Caltex Petroleum Corporation and Singapore Petroleum Company. The fire that broke out on 25 October 1988 at 1:27 pm at the SRC refinery was the biggest offshore fire in Singapore's history. It was the refinery's second major fire; the first occurring on 16 August 1984. The fire hurt 25 people, mostly firefighters, including five who were seriously injured. It did not claim any lives. The fire burned for six days before it was finally put out on 30 October at 7:00 am. Damage, loss of profit, loss of raw materials especially naphtha, and construction costs of new tanks were estimated to be between $15 and $20 million. The fire and temporary closure of SRC had caused the price of naphtha to rise by US$15 a tonne in the Far East. The fire also initiated talks about implementing new safety measures especially in the setting up of a fixed system for in-house fire-fighting facilities on offshore locations.