A mass rally attended by more than 120,000 people was held at City Hall on 25 August 1963. Dubbed as the “blood debt” rally, it was organised by the Singapore Chinese Chamber of Commerce (SCCC) and supported by the Singapore government. The purpose of the rally was to press the Japanese government for a compensation or “blood debt” amount of no less than M$50 million to atone for the wartime atrocities committed by its army during the Japanese Occupation of Singapore (1942–1945). The Japanese government did not react favourably to the “blood debt” rally. Instead, the Japanese Foreign Office issued a statement stating that it would not address the issue as long as Singapore adopted a threatening attitude on its claim for compensation. It also stated that the Japanese government would only negotiate with then Malayan Prime Minister Tunku Abdul Rahman after the formation of Malaysia in September 1963. In response, the SCCC started a campaign to boycott Japanese goods on 16 September 1963 as well as block the export of goods to Japan. The campaign was suspended after the Tunku agreed take up the issue with the Japanese government on 28 September 1963. However, a proper settlement was not reached until October 1966, by which time Singapore was already an independent nation. The negotiations between the Singapore and Japanese governments resulted in compensation in the form of a M$25-million grant and another M$25 million in loans on special terms.


(Source: http://eresources.nlb.gov.sg/history/events/



Singapore was admitted to the Federation of Malaysia on 16 September 1963. It became part of Malaysia. Malaysia being a new political entity formed from the merger of the Federation of Malaya with North Borneo, Sarawak and Singapore. This marked the end of a 144-year period of British rule in Singapore, beginning with the founding of modern Singapore by Sir Stamford Raffles in 1819. The union lasted until 9th August 1965, when Singapore became an independent republic.


The Singapore Kennel Club (SKC) was registered with the Registrar of Companies and the Certificate of Incorporation was issued on 16 September 1972.



On 16 November 1989, home-grown technology company Creative Technology launched a sound card for personal computers (PCs) known as Sound Blaster at Comdex ’89, a leading international computer trade show held annually in Las Vegas.




The Substation at Armenian Street is Singapore’s first independent contemporary arts centre. Founded by the late playwright Kuo Pao Kun, The Substation was officially opened by then Minister for Community Development Wong Kan Seng on 16 November 1990. Formerly a PUB substation, the facilities at The Substation include a gallery for visual, performance and sound art, a 120-seat theatre, a dance studio and a restaurant-cum-courtyard popular for its musical performances.