On 24 August 1966, about 500,000 students at all 529 government and aided schools held the first daily recitation of the pledge (above) of allegiance before the national flag. Since then, the pledge-taking ceremony has been observed daily during school assemblies as well as at important national events like the National Day Parade. The pledge was penned by then Minister for Foreign Affairs S. Rajaratnam just after Singapore's independence on 9 August 1965. The pledge embodies the ideals for building a united Singapore "regardless of race, language or religion". The practice of reciting the pledge with the right fist clenched to the chest was introduced on 27 June 1988 to better reflect its emotional significance.


(Source: http://eresources.nlb.gov.sg/history/events/



The GIA was officially registered as General Insurance Association of Singapore on 24 August 1972 and its sibling, the Malaysian Insurance Association (MIA) later re-organised itself into the Persatuan Insuran Am Malaysia (PIAM). The two associations still enjoy close contact today. GIA now represents every kind of general insurance company -both foreign and home-grown, large and small, specialist and composite insurers.



METALLICA performed in Singapore for the first time in 20 years at Changi Exhibition Centre on 24 August 2013.