Subhas Chandra Bose (picture) is a noted Indian politician in the fight for India's independence from British rule. Bose arrived in Singapore on 2 July 1943 on the invitation of revolutionary freedom fighter Rash Bihari Bose. He was appointed President of the Indian Independence League and took on the mantle of Rash Bihari Bose as leader of the Indian Independence League in East Asia.  On 21 October 1943, Subhas Chandra Bose proclaimed the formation of the Provisional Government of Free India at the Cathay Cinema Hall.  Two days later, he declared war on Britain and the United States.  With help from the Japanese, he reorganised and rejuvenated the Azad Hind Fauj (also called the Indian National Army).  He lobbied aggressively for funds in Malaya and other parts of Southeast Asia and launched a recruitment drive for the Azad Hind Fauj.  Tapping into the widespread discontent of Indian army personnel in Malaya, especially over the way British officers had abandoned them during their retreat from Singapore, he was able to draw many British Indian troops to join the Azad Hind Fauj.  On 14 April 1944, he led the Azad Hind Fauj on an offensive against the British in India; and crossing the Burmese border, he planted the Indian National tricolour flag at Moirang, Manipur . It was a symbol of claiming Indian soil from the British. However, the offensive failed to take Kohima and Imphal and retreated to Burma. The campaign was considered a failure so Bose left for Singapore via Bangkok on 24 April 1944.





The Hokkien Foundation is a company limited by guarantee incorporated in Singapore on 2 July 1977. It is an Institution of a Public Character. The principal activities of the Foundation are the provision for relief of human suffering and fostering education of all kinds.



On 2 July 2014, the Monetary Authority of Singapore announced that it would stop printing $10,000 notes starting from 1 October 2014, to reduce the risk of money laundering.