Lt. Colonel (later Major-General) William Farquhar was the First British Resident and Commandant of Singapore from 1819-1823. With his long Malayan experience, and an intimate knowledge of Riau-Lingga politics, Major Farquhar was given the task to help Sir Stamford Raffles found a settlement on Singapore island. On 9 May 1821, William Farquhar was promoted to the rank of Lieutenant Colonel. Despite his many positive achievements in the formative period of Singapore's development, he adopted measures in his administration which conflicted with Raffles' instructions, notably in allowing the erection of houses and godowns on the Padang and on the nearby banks of the Singapore River.



Johnston's Pier, a jetty, landing-platform for the convenient arrival and departure of sea travellers. It once stood opposite Fullerton Square, and Hong Kong Bank Building at Battery Road and Collyer Quay. On 21 January 1854, Municipal Commissioners meeting, "sanctioned the construction of a pier", to cope with the increasing sea-faring traffic in Singapore. On 9 May 1854, a The Straits Times reader wrote a letter, to remind the authorities to build a pier of "necessary seaward length, so that the landing-platform could be used at low or high tides". Construction of Johnston's Pier started in early 1854 and was completed on 13 March 1856, when Fort Fullerton was being remodelled, and, during the Collyer Quay reclamation and seawall construction (between 1858 to 1864). Work completion of Johnston's Pier was announced to the Municipal Commissioners by Engineer Captain Ronald Macpherson. It was the first major landing point ever constructed, and was extensively used.



The national registration for pink and blue Singapore identity cards began on 9 May 1966 with pink cards for citizens and blue ones for non-citizens who are permanent residents (PRs). The exercise was governed by the National Registration Act of 1965 that took effect on 5 May 1966, requiring all Singaporeans above 12 years of age and those with existing identity cards issued under the Registration of Persons Ordinance 1955 to re-register. Although the National Registration Act legislated two types of ICs to differentiate between citizens and non-citizens, it did not stipulate that pink was for citizens and blue for PRs. This colour differentiation was only legislated when the National Registration (Amendment) Regulations 1969 came into operation on 28 March 1969.






The National Youth Achievement Award (NYAA) was officially launched on 9 May 1992 by the President of the Republic of Singapore at the Istana. The aim of the NYAA Programme is to encourage young people between the ages of 14 and 25 years to develop personal qualities of self-reliance, perseverance and a sense of responsibility to themselves, to society and to the nation.




The Toa Payoh Branch Library, located at 6 Toa Payoh Central, Singapore 319191, was officially opened on 7 February 1974 by Haji Sha'ari bin Tadin, Senior Parliamentary Secretary to the Minister for Culture. Jek Yuen Thong, Minister for Culture, was originally scheduled to conduct the Opening Ceremony but circumstances prevented him from performing this function. The Library was opened to the public on the same day. The Toa Payoh Branch Library was renamed Toa Payoh Community Library when the National Library became a Statutory Board on 1 September 1995. In 1997, the library launched an upgrading programme and was reopened on 9 May 1999 by the then Minister of Home Affairs, Wong Kan Seng.