An important link for the Singapore River area, Ellenborough Street was laid in 1845 and named after Lord Ellenborough, Governor-General of India, by Straits Settlements Governor Colonel William Butterworth. Likewise for the Ellenborough Market (now Clarke Quay MRT Station) and Ellenborough Building. In 1845, while the market was being built on the left side of the street, on the right side was a plot of land bought by Tan Tock Seng for $7,000, and on which was being built a number of elegant shophouses. This fairly large triangular block of 2-storey shophouses was bounded by Boat Quay, North Bridge Road and Ellenborough Street, and known collectively as Ellenborough Building. An editorial comment in the Free Press dated 13 February 1845, criticised the name 'Ellenborough Place' given to Tock Seng's development, "We think the Governor's good taste has deserted him in the last instance, as we cannot see what ground there is for commemorating Ellenborough here. Much better to have called it "Butterworth's or Tock Sing's Place". It was eventually called Ellenborough Building.

 


 

The growth of The Raffles Library and Museum's collections meant that its original building soon proved inadequate. Work on a parallel block extension was completed by 1906, an officially opened on 13 February 1907 – the first day of Chinese New Year.

 


 

 

It is 13 February 1942, the Japanese troops that stormed through Malaya have invaded Singapore. The Japanese reached Pasir Panjang Ridge. The Malay Regiment, led by Lieutenant Adnan bin Saidi, fought bravely in the Battle of Pasir Panjang. However, they were outnumbered by the Japanese soldiers and were eventually defeated. The British nurses at the Alexandra Hospital were ordered to evacuate.

 


 

The Prevention of Corruption Act is the principal anti-corruption law of Singapore. It governs and defines the primary offences of corruption and their punishments while laying out the powers granted to the enforcement agency, the Corrupt Practices Investigation Bureau (CPIB), to fight against corruption. The legislation was introduced by then Minister for Home Affairs Ong Pang Boon in the Legislative Assembly on 13 January 1960.

 


 

The National Book Development Council of Singapore (NBDCS) (also known as The Book Council) was established on 13 February 1969 to promote the development of the local book industry by supporting publishers and book suppliers as well as nurturing writers and readers.

 


 

The Police Coast Guard (PCG) was formed on 13 February 1993, from what was then known as the Marine Police set up in 1924. This change was to signal the development of PCG into a more credible maritime security agency, entrusted with expanded roles. The change included taking over a fleet of Coastal Patrol Craft from the Republic of Singapore Navy to cover its expanded areas of operation.

 



A Dugong, a large marine mammal that belongs to the same mammalian order as manatees, was found dead on Changi beach on 13 February 1996 with many cuts on its body. It was almost 2.5m long.