William Farquhar joined the military service of the British East India Company at 17 and saw action in the Indian sub-continent in the early 1790s. In 1795, he was involved in the taking of Malacca from the Dutch and by 1803, he was appointed Commandant of the settlement. On 5 February 1819, Raffles appointed Farquhar, known to be a practical and pragmatic man, as Resident and Commandant of Singapore.

 


 

Sir Cecil Clementi was the Governor of the Straits Settlements (direct Crown control) from 5 February 1930 – 16 February 1934.

 


 

By the end of 1941, many of Citibank's remaining branches in Asia were already in the hands of the Japanese. Right up to their last days, the branches were obliged to remain open as they were the official bank for the American government in those cities. The Singapore branch was working day and night to help finance the U.S government in their last-minute purchases of tin and rubber. Even as the Japanese crossed the Causeway, the Singapore branch was still in operation. George Magruder, a sub-accountant at the IBC, recalled that he was left behind to clear the settlements while the rest of the staff left on a boat for India. On 5 February 1942, when the Japanese invaded Singapore, the Singapore branch handed over the remaining items on its balance sheet to a British bank. The Singapore branch was said to be the only institution that got out of Singapore without any loss of funds and personnel.

 


 


 

This anchor (picture) was salvaged from the RMS Empress of Asia, a pre-war passenger liner converted into a troopship. It transported last-minute reinforcements of British troops from England to Singapore. On 5 February 1942, the ship was spotted by Japanese planes as it approached Singapore. It was the slowest and last ship in the convoy, and it was bombed and sunk despite the fierce defence put up by nearby ships. The ship's crew and most of the troops were rescued, but all the weapons on board were lost. After the British surrender, the rescued soldiers were taken as prisoners-of-war and many were sent to the Thai-Burma "Death Railway". (Source: National Museum - Singapore History Gallery)

 


 

On 5 February 1956, the Singapore Camera Club was renamed Photographic Society of Singapore. The name change was considered as early as 1954.