Week 17: 22 Apr to 28 Apr

22 April

On 22 April 1890, the society held its third meeting, and the Straits Medical Association was formally adopted as the society's name.

The Rendel proposals were accepted by the British Government and served as the basis of a new Constitution that gave Singapore a greater measure of self-government. The proposed Legislative Council was modelled after the British Westminster system. The local leaders, most of whom were educated in British universities, felt comfortable with the proposed system and accepted it. The Legislative Council came into being on 22 April 1955.

Mr. Yeo Cheow Tong, then acting Minister for Health, launched the Singapore Visioncare programme on 22 April 1990.

The Asian Civilisations museum was first opened on 22 April 1997, housed at the Old Tao Nan School building. At that time its exhibits centered mostly on the Chinese civilisation. When Empress Place Building building was restored, the museum moved its main branch there on 2 March 2003. This allows it to expand its collection to cover other areas in Asia. The branch housed at the Old Tao Nan School building is now the Peranakan Museum.


23 April

The Hock Lee bus strike began peacefully on 23 April 1955 but escalated into a violent riot on 12 May in which four people were killed and 31 injured. During the strike, large numbers of dismissed bus workers locked themselves in the Hock Lee garages at Alexandra Road and picketed at the gates. On 10 May, the pickets rioted when they were forcibly removed by the police. On 12 May, they were joined by several lorry loads of Chinese school students and the violence that followed led to the death of two police officers, a journalist and a student. On 13 May, the government closed three Chinese schools for a week and ordered the expulsion of some of the ringleaders. On 14 May, the Hock Lee bus strike was settled by government arbitration on terms generally favourable to the strikers.

Singapore was granted partial internal self-government under the Rendel Constitution in 1955. The Legislative Assembly election held in April that year saw the formation of the Labour Front-Alliance government with David Marshall as the first chief minister of Singapore. A year later, Marshall led a 13-man all-party delegation in what became the first of three constitutional talks held in London to determine the terms of full internal self-government for Singapore. At the discussions, which commenced on 23 April 1956, the Singapore delegation put forth the requirements for the independence of Singapore by April the following year. The delegation proposed that the British retain control over foreign policy and external defence, but with Singapore holding the right to be consulted on foreign affairs and to veto on defence matters. Desiring to retain control over internal security, the British insisted on a defence council made up of an equal number of representatives from Britain and Singapore, and with a casting vote in the hands of the British high commissioner. Marshall’s proposal for the British to appoint a Malayan as chairman of the defence council and for the abolishment of the casting vote were rejected. The negotiations hit a deadlock on 15 May as both sides refused to compromise on the internal security arrangements.

When Singapore was still a part of Malaya, the government felt that it was important to promote the use of a common national language: Bahasa Melayu, so that various races could communicate with one another. The National Language Month was launched on 23 April 1965 by the Ministry of Culture to encourage more people to learn the national language in pursuit of a shared national identity. The opening ceremony, which was held at the Victoria Theatre, was graced by his Excellency, Yang di-Pertuan Negara, Yusof Ishak.


24 April

Singapore President S R Nathan has inaugurated the Mahatma Gandhi Memorial building, at 3 Race Course Lane, following the completion of restoration work. Nathan lighted an oil lamp to reopen the building dedicated to the Father of the Nation Mahatma Gandhi. The Hindi Society of Singapore raised S$1 million for the restoration work which was undertaken in 2009. The building had first opened its doors on 24 April 1953 and has a library with books in Hindi, English, Tamil and Chinese on the life and works of Gandhi. Mahatma Gandhi Memorial Hall is the Family Service Centre of the Singapore Indian Development Association (SINDA) in Little India. The hall had a statue of Mahatma Gandhi which was there by Malcolm Macdonald, the Commissioner General of the United Kingdom.

The Helix Bridge, Bayfront Bridge and Youth Olympic Park in Marina Bay officially opened on 24 April 2010.

The east side of Singapore saw the newly-opened Tampines Eco Green on 24 April 2011. This new park provides a tranquil sanctuary for nature recreation and education, complements two existing ones in the vicinity, Sun Park & Tampines Bike Park. Tampines Eco Green is a haven for biodiversity and has various natural habitats such as marshes, secondary rainforests and freshwater ponds. It also has an eco-toilet, which is the first of its kind in a public park in Singapore. It breaks down human waste using bacteria and wood shavings and converts it into compost.


25 April

Some sources cite the formation year of the Singapore Polo Club as 1899 (instead of 1886), in which case the specific date of formation is probably the day the first game of the newly revived club was played, i.e. 16 February 1899. The game was played at the racecourse of the Singapore Sporting Club, which had earlier agreed to allow polo to be played on its race grounds at what is now Farrer Park. In the early years of polo's existence in the colony, the game had its share of royal patronage. One royal visit was from the Duke of York on 25 April 1901.

This barrister's wig currently displayed in Singapore's Peranakan Museum, was made from horsehair, belonged to Ms Kwa Geok Choo. She was a Queen's Scholar, and the first Asian woman to be awarded a first class Honours degree at Girton College, University of Cambridge.

Sir Walter Sidney Shaw was a British lawyer and judge in the early 20th century. He served as a judge in a number of British colonies, his last judicial appointment being the Chief Justice of the Straits Settlements (1921-1925). When Shaw came to Singapore he introduced the custom of wearing a wig in court. Upon his retirement, he explained that it was "not because I have any desire to attire myself in fancy costume, or because I wished to give myself any special personal importance, but because I think that it tends to remind, not only the public and the Bar, but even the judge himself, that he is a representative of that very illustrious body of men – the English judges, who have done so much to establish and maintain the freedom of the English people". Shaw died at his home, Fenners, in Wimborne, Dorset, UK, on 25 April 1937.

Upon the completion of Esplanade Bridge in 1997, the Merlion statue could no longer be viewed clearly from the Marina Bay Waterfront, so on 23 April 2002, the statue was relocated to a new pier specially built on the other side of Esplanade Bridge. With a cost of $7.5 million, the move was finished on 25 April 2002, where it is now located adjacent to One Fullerton Hotel.


26 April

The first meeting of Legislative Assembly in Singapore was on 26 April 1955.

On 26 April 1997, announcement of Singapore Civil Defence Force (SCDF) Female Junior Officer Scheme.

The Peranakan Museum was officially opened on 26 April 2008. The Peranakan Museum houses the world's finest and most comprehensive collection of Peranakan artifacts. This museum explores the culture of Peranakan communities in the former Straits Settlements of Singapore, Malacca and Penang and their links with other communities in Southeast Asia. Its rich material legacy and heritage are enhanced by state-of-the-art display technology, coupled with educational interactive's for the young.


27 April

Captain Charles Edward Faber of the Madras Engineers, arrived in Singapore in September 1844. For a while, he was Sheriff and Marshall of the Court of Judicature, and also government Superintendent Engineer. He constructed the road and signal station up Telok Blangah Hill, and for that, the hill was renamed Mount Faber, after him. On 27 April 1847, his daughter was born in Singapore.

During the Japanese Occupation of Singapore (1942 - 1945), Singapore was renamed Syonan (or Syonanto). The Japanese Military Administration established The Medical College on 27 April 1943 and it was known as The Marei Ika Daigaku or Syonan Medical College. It was sited at the Tan Tock Seng Hospital (Hakua Byoin). The Ika Daigaku relocated to the General Hospital, Malacca in February 1944 where it functioned till the end of the Japanese Occupation in September 1945. About 200 students from Singapore, Malaya, Sumatra and Java attended the Syonan Medical College; the students were taught mainly Japanese language and culture.

On 27 April 1973, Singapore acceded to and hence became a party to the four Geneva Conventions of 1949. The Geneva Conventions were the outcome of the Diplomatic Conference held at Geneva from 21 April to 12 August 1949. They are founded on the ideas of humane treatment, respect for the individual and his dignity. Persons who are not taking part in hostilities and those put out of action through sickness, injury, captivity or any other cause must be respected and protected against the effects of armed conflict.

Land Transport Authority (LTA) completed the upgrading of Telok Blangah Road, from Kampong Bahru Road to Telok Blangah Street 31, into a semi-expressway. The semi-expressway was opened to traffic on 27 April 2002 at 10.00am. The opening of the 2.4 kilometre viaduct, with dual three-lane carriageway, will allow motorists to bypass the busy road junctions at Kampong Bahru Road, Seah Im Road and Henderson Road and use the viaduct between Keppel Road and Telok Blangah Street 31, thereby save on travelling time.


28 April

On 28 April 1934, the Association Internationale des Skål Clubs (A.I.S.C.) was formed. The sub-title of this Association – Amicale de Professionnels de Tourisme – was later changed to Association de Professionnels de Tourisme, to reflect the changing face of the Association.

Singapore Airlines on 28 April 1983 took delivery of the first Boeing 747-300 aircraft. It was aptly called the 'Big Top' because of the stretched upper deck that was dedicated to Business class.

Woodlands Civic Centre as a one-stop service centre to serve the administrative needs of residents living in the north. The place also houses SATA CommHealth Woodlands and the Woodlands Regional Library, one of the largest neighbourhood libraries in Singapore. The library was completed at a cost of S$60 million and was officially opened on 28 April 2001 by Tony Tan (Dr), Deputy Prime Minister, Minister for Defence and Member of Parliament for Sembawang GRC. On the following day, when the library opened to the public, it registered a record of 100,000 visitors and 19,000 loans.

On 28 April 2015, the $46 million Lee Kong Chian Natural History Museum (LKCNHM) officially opened. The museum is housed in an unique boulder-like building designed by local architect Mok Wei Wei (W Architects) on the campus of the National University of Singapore.