Week 1: 01 Jan to 07 Jan

1 January

The history of POSB (Post Office Savings Bank) was originally set up as part of the Post Office Service Department in the General Post Office Building in Raffles Place on 1 January 1877.

The Public Service Commission (PSC) was set up by the British colonial government on 1 January 1951 to aid in the Malayanisation of the Singapore civil service, leading eventaully to self-government for the colony.

Following the announcement by MediaCorp and Singapore Press Holdings to merge their mass market TV and free newspaper operations, Channel i ceased transmission on 1 January 2005.

 

2 January

The founding of the first maternity hospital came about in the most unexpected manner, a building at the junction of Victoria Street and Stamford Canal opposite the Convent was converted into a maternity hospital. The first patient was admitted on 2 January 1889 and safely delivered her baby.

Dr Benjamin Henry Sheares became the second President of Singapore on 2 January 1972. He lends his name to several landmarks and buildings including the Benjamin Sheares Bridge (picture), Singapore's longest bridge, and the Sheares Hall, a National University hostel.

On 2 January 1982, Singapore went metric.

Singapore's first specialised pre-tertiary arts school, School of the Arts (SOTA), was opened on 2 January 2008 at its temporary Goodman Road campuss off Mountbatten Road.

 

3 January

In 1955 there was The Great Singapore Traction Company (“STC”) Strike. In early January 1956, the Registrar of Vehicles offered short-term licences to the Chinese bus companies to operate services on some of the routes covered by the STC. While the STC buses were accumulating dust and grime in the garage, these companies seized the opportunity to cover portions of the STC-serviced routes on 3 January 1956.

Jurong BirdPark, Asia Pacific's largest bird park and home to more than 8,000 birds of 600 species from around the world, was opened on 3 January 1971.

Chewing gum is banned in Singapore under the Regulation of Imports and Exports (Chewing Gum) Regulations on 3 January 1992.

 

4 January

The Kempeitai was the military police force administered by the Japanese War Ministry during WWII over the Occupied Territories of Japan. Specially trained in interrogation methods, its task was to crush all resistance to military rule and it had powers to arrest and extract information from civilians and military alike. During the Japanese Occupation, there were about 200 regular kempeitai in Singapore but 1,000 auxiliaries were recruited from the army. The Kempeitai was founded on 4 January 1881 by order of the Meiji Council of State.

The Singapore Scout Association (SSA), formerly known as the Boy Scouts Association, was constituted under the powers granted by the Royal Charter issued under the hand of King George V dated 4 January 1912, and the Boy Scouts Association Act (Cap 26, Singapore Statutes, 1985 Revised Edition) having the force of law in Singapore.

On 4 January 2010, the School of Science and Technology, Singapore, (SST) opened its campus doors at Clementi Avenue 6 to welcome its pioneer batch of 200 secondary one students. This is a Specialised Independent School that offers a disctinctive 4-year GCE O-Level programme with an integrated approach to applied learning.

 

5 January

Sir Thomas de Multon Lee Braddell was Attorney-General of the Straits Settlements and Chief Judicial Commissioner of the Federated Malay States. His father Thomas Braddell was the first Attorney-General. Thomas Multon Lee Braddell was educated at Brighton College and Worcester College, Oxford. He was called to the Bar by the Society of the Inner Temple on 25 June 1879, and to the Straits Bar on 5 January 1880. Braddell started off his career by practising at his father's law firm before setting up his own with younger brother Robert Wallace Glen Lee Braddell, the firm was appropriately named Braddell Brothers, and still exists today.

Wee Chong Jin was the first Singaporean and Asian to head Singapores Supreme Court Judiciary when he was appointed Chief Justice on 5 January 1963 to replace Sir Alan Rose and at the age of forty-four, he was the youngest to achieve that position.

Founded in the 1920s, Wat Ananda Metyarama Thai Buddhist Temple (originally situated at 83 Silat Road) is one of the oldest Thai Theravada Buddhist temples in Singapore. On 5 January 2014, the new extension were officially opened by Indranee Rajah. The new building features a dhamma hall, mediation hall, cultural centre (museum), conference room, dining hall, rest area, Sunday classroom and the monks' abode.

 

6 January

In early 1830, John Henry Moore, a former schoolmaster with newspaper experience in Malacca, took over editorship of Singapore Chronicle, the first newspaper in Singapore, while William Renshaw George continued to provide commercial news. Developments at this period included occasional publication extension to seven or more pages; and at the end of 1830, with the amalgamation of Singapore Chronicle and Commercial Register and Advertiser, page-sizes were doubled and this new look issue appeared on Thursday 6 January 1831.

CHIJ (Kellock) had its beginnings as a small school known as Our Lady of Lourdes School in Ophir Road conducting classes in makeshift classrooms. When the decision was made to demolish the classrooms, the pupils were moved to Victoria Street where the school functioned in the afternoon as School II, this was in 1959. With the increase in the number of pupils, a new primary school became necessary. His Grace, the late Archbishop Michael Olcomendy, donated the land next to St. Bernadette's Church to Rev. Mother St. John. On 6 January 1964, pupils of Primary School II of Victoria Street were transferred to Kellock. Hence, CHIJ Kellock was finally established in 1964.

The term “unofficial Leader of the Opposition” was used in Singapore’s Parliament on 6 January 1992 to describe the leader of the opposition party with the largest number of seats in the House.

 

7 January

Methodism in Singapore began in early 1885, after the arrival of the Reverend William Fitzjones Oldham who became the first resident Methodist missionary. service at this new Methodist Episcopal Church was held on Christmas Day 1908, and on 4 February 1909, it was dedicated by its Singapore founder, the Reverend Oldham, now Bishop William F. Oldham. On 7 January 1910, the Methodist Episcopal Church was renamed Wesley Methodist Church after John Wesley, the founder of Methodism.

Eu Tong Sen was a leading businessman in Malaya, Singapore and Hong Kong during the late 19th and early 20th century. By the late 1920s, the most profitable part of the Eu Yan Sang medicine shop business was in remittances and not medicines. Eu moved from Singapore to Hong Kong in 1928. On 7 January 1932, he formed Eu Tong Sen Limited in Singapore but controlled it from Hong Kong where his remittance business was showing the best potential.

At 4 am (Singapore time) on 31 December 1999, four members of the Antarctica 2000 team (Khoo Swee Chiow, Robert Goh Ee Kiat, David Lim Chee Wai and Ang Yau Choon) successfully reached the South Pole after an arduous 1,125-kilometre trek that had taken nearly two months to complete. A week later, at about 6.20 am on 7 January 2000, the remaining four members of the team achieved summit success on the 4,897-metre-high Mount Vinson Massif, the highest peak in Antarctica.